Small businesses will be punished with the ruble: the game is not worth the candle

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Small businesses will be punished with the ruble the game is not worth the candle
Small businesses will be punished with the ruble the game is not worth the candle

The president and the government have repeatedly promised that taxes will not increase in the next three years (up to and including 2018).

However, the Ministry of Economic Development on its website posted a draft order, according to which the single tax on imputed income (UTII – which is widely used in small businesses) will grow by 15.9% in 2016.

Really, Alexey Ulyukaev casts doubt on the statements of Vladimir Putin? Of course not. According to Article 11 of the Tax Code, the Ministry of Economic Development is obliged to recalculate the so-called index deflators of a number of taxes annually, including UTII.

The recalculation formula is complex. Its key component is the inflation rate of previous years. It is known that the rise in prices in late 2014 – early 2015 reached 17%. Therefore, the tax increased by an adequate amount. Business representatives asked to freeze these calculations for at least a year.

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The latest scandal with an increase in the tax burden on small businesses in 2016 once again confirms that the Central Bank’s policy aimed at reducing inflation from the current 15% per annum to 4% by the end of 2017 is actually the only instrument at this time for the monetary authorities to actually reduce the fiscal load.

Let’s explain. It has long been clear to everyone that the cost of a loan directly depends on the rate of inflation. The point is that the Bank of Russia determines the size of the key rate depending on inflation risks.

It is no coincidence that now it is 11%. According to the forecasts of the Central Bank, it will amount to about 12-13% by the end of the year.

If the rise in prices is brought down to 4%, then small and medium-sized businesses will be able to take loans up to 5%. This will mean a way out of the crisis. Of course, this is not the world level yet – American banks give loans up to 2% per annum – but close to them.

By the way, according to surveys of Russian entrepreneurs, the main condition for overcoming the crisis is affordable credit. However, the level of taxation is no less important. Formally, the fiscal rates do not change.

However, the authorities are using more and more sophisticated methods of tax collection from citizens and businessmen.

Thus, according to Article 11 of the Tax Code, a number of taxes are recalculated annually depending on the previous inflation rate. For example, when it comes to imputed income tax (UTII).

According to Mikhail Orlov, a public representative for the protection of the rights of entrepreneurs in the tax area, in 2014 UTII increased by 6%, in 2015 – by 7%.

This has already raised puzzling questions from the business community. But already at the beginning of this year, it became clear that next year the deflator index would simply jump in price since at the end of last year prices went up sharply due to the collapse of the ruble.

It is not surprising that, according to the calculations of the Ministry of Economic Development, which were made in October, the real load on UTII will be increased in 2016 by almost 16%.

Back in January, business representatives asked the government to freeze tax calculations based on Art. 11 NC. The government, according to Orlov, promised to think about it.

But things are still there. And the Ministry of Economic Development has no choice but to comply with the law, giving out on the mountain those deflators, which are determined by our high inflation.

But what is the result? From an object, say, 50 sq. meters will have to pay additional up to 46 thousand rubles to the entrepreneur next year. Therefore, many of them are going to go into the shadows. This means that local budgets will receive fewer taxes. And who needs it?

“The tax burden on business is growing contrary to the instructions of the president. The increase in UTII is not the first bad news for business in recent years.

Recently, we have increased the burden on business. For example, a property tax has appeared, which also affects small businesses. Moscow entrepreneurs also introduced a trade tax.

An increase in UTII will lead to negative consequences for the business. plus an increase in UTII – one of the most basic taxes for small businesses, of course, this will entail consequences.

“Hopefully, not the same as when we increased social payments for individual entrepreneurs. Then we have more than half a million individual entrepreneurs just left the business.

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